2007-10-23 14:02:12
??????? ??????????? ?????

?????? ???????? 60-? ?????. ??????? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ????????? ?????????????, ?????????? ?? "???????" ?????????? ? ????????????????????? ??????, ???????????? ???? ? ?????? ?????????? ???????.

??????? ??????????? ????? at1971 ?. ??? ????????? (Ray Tomlinson), ????????? ???????? "Bolt Beranek and Newman, Inc." (BBN), ?????????? ???????? ????????? ??? ????????? ????????? ?? ?????????????? ????.

? ????? 1972 ?. ??? ????????? ?????????????? ???? ???????? ?????????, ??????????? ?? ??? ????????????? ? ???? ARPANET, ??????????????? ???????? ???? ????????.

???? 1972 ?. - ????? ??????? (Larry Roberts) ??????? ?????? ?????????, ??????? ????????? ????????????? ?????? ? ??????????? ??????. ??? ????????? ????????? ? ??????????? ?????? ?????, ???????????? ??? ???????? ? ?????? ????????? ?????????, ????????? ???????? ? ?????, ? ????? ?????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????? ??? ????????????? ???????? ?? ?????????? ????????.

1973 ?. ????????????, ??????????? ????????????? ????????? ????????? ????????????????? ???????? ARPA (Advanced Research Projects Agency) ????????, ??? 75% ????? ??????? ???? ARPANET ?????????? ?? ??????????? ?????.

1975 ?. ????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ? ???? ARPANET. ?? ??????????? ???? ???? ?????? (Steve Walker).

1975 ?. ???? ?????? (John Vittal) ?????????? ????????? "MSG", ?????? ???????? ?????????, ??????? ???? ????????? ?? ???????? "??? ????????" (all-inclusive) ? ???????????? ??????????? ??????????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ?????????, ????????? ????? ? ?????????? ???????????????.

1976 ?. , 26 ?????. ?????????? ???????? ????????? II ??????? ????????? ?????? ?? ??????????? ?????, ???????????????? ???????? ??????????? ?????? ???????????? ? ???????????? (Royal Signals and Radar Establishment - RSRE) ? ???????? (Malvern).

1977 ?. ????? ????????? (L. Landweber) ?? ?????????????? ???????????? ?????????? ????????? THEORYNET, ??????? ???????????? ????????? ??????????? ????? ? ????, ???????????? ????? 100 ???????????? ?? ?????????????? ???????. ??????? ???? ????????????? ??? ?????? ? TELENET.

1979 ?. , 12 ?????? - ???? ???????? ????????. ?????? ? ???? ???? ????? ???????? (Kevin MacKenzie), ???? ?? ?????????? "?????????????" ???????????, ????????? ? "Message Services Group" (MsgGroup) ? ???????, ? ??????? ???????????? ???????? ? "?????" ???????????? ?????? ????????? ???????, ???????????? ??????.

1981 ?. ??? ???? ????? ????????????? ??????????? ???????????? ????????????? ? ???????????? ??????? ???????? ?, ? ?????? ???????, ? ??????????? ?????, ???? ??????? ???? CSNET (Computer Science NETwork), ????? ????????? ?????? ??? ????????? Computer and Science Network.

1982 ?. ????????????? EUUG (European UNIX Users Group) ??????? ???? EUNet (European UNIX Network) ?????????? ??? ????, ????? ?????????? ????????????? UNIX-?????? ?????? ? ??????????? ????? ? ??????????? ??????????? ???????? USENET.

1987 ?. , 20 ????????. ?? ?????? ????????? CSNET ??????????? ??????????? ???????? ????? ????? ????????? ? ??????. ?????? ? ???? ???? ?? ????? ? ???????? ???? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ??????.

1988 ?. ???????????? ???? "FidoNet" ???????? ??????????? ???????????? ???????????? ???????? ? ????????????????, ????????????? ? ?????? ?????.

1989 ?. ??????? ???? ??????????? ????? ????? ????????????? ????????? ???????? ? ??????????.

1994 ?. ??????????? ????? ??????? ???? ???????????? ??? ???????? ????????? ??????????.

1997 ?. ? ???????? ??????????? ???????? ???????? Liszt (http://liszt.com/) ???? ???????????????? ????? 72 ?????? ???????? ?? ????? ????????? ????.

1998 ?. ???????? Casio PhoneMate ??????????? ?? Consumer Electronics Show (CES) ???????????? IT-380 E-Mail Link. ?? ???????????? ????????, ??? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????, ?????????????? ????????????? ??????????? ????????????? ?????????? ????????? ??????????? ?????.

1998 ?. , ???????. ???????-??????????? ??? ??? (Lin Hai) ? ????? ???? ???? (Wang Youcai) ???????? ?? ??????????????? "???????????" ???????? ?? ??????????? ????? ????? ????? 250 ???. ?????? ????????? ??????????? ? ?????????? ??????????? ??????????????? ?????? ? ??????. ?? ???? ??????????? ????????? ? ????????????????? ? ????????? ???????????????? ?????.

2000 ?. ?????? ????? 4 ??? ?? ????? ??????????? ????? ????? ???? ??????????? ????? "I Love You". ?? ???????? ????? ? ???????? ? ??? ????????????? ????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ??????????? ?????.

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??????? ??????? ?? ??????????? :grin